Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

All 20 sources must be professional, no ‘internet’ sources. Scholarly journal articles and books only.

The paper consists of the following 5 sections (plus Reference Page):

1. Introduction including a clear thesis statement.
2. An etiology section addressing questions such as What is the history of this disorder and classification?
• When was the disorder first discovered?
• What population is most likely to be diagnosed with this specific disorder?
• What population has been diagnosed most often within this classification of
• What additional information that relates to this etiology have you discovered?
3. Assessment / Diagnosis Section
Assessment: The assessment process involves several different pieces of information
and is only the beginning of the process of identifying the disorder.
• What methods of assessment are used to identify this disorder?
• What psychological, neurological, and/or medical tests are used? Why?
• Describe the clinical interview used for assessment and the counseling theory
that it comes from
Diagnosis: Match the symptoms identified through the above assessment to the
symptoms of a specific disorder to define the diagnosis.
• What symptoms are specific to the disorder you are studying?
• What are the psychological symptoms?
• What are the physical symptoms?
• What are the duration and intensity requirements?
• Which symptoms are particular to this disorder as compared to other disorders
within the classification? In other words, how would you know that you have
made the correct diagnosis?
4. Treatment Section
Treatment: this section is concerned with the process of identifying and discussing
empirically validated treatment methods (methods based on research).
What empirically validated treatment methods, otherwise known as best practice, treat
this disorder?
Explain how these treatment methods were normed:
• What studies were done?
• What population was studied?
• What was the result?
• Was it a short-term study (6 months or less) or a long-term study (more than 6
• What specific recommendations did the researchers who studied these
treatment methods make?
• What questions were outlined for further research?
• What is involved with each type of treatment?
• How long in general does each type of treatment require?
• Why are these treatment methods effective for this disorder?
• Would these treatment methods be effective for the population you want to
work with? Why? or Why not?
Note other interesting findings.
5. Conclusion: Conclude your literature review in a way that provides:
• A clear understanding of the significance of your work.
• A brief review of important points.
• Your personal reaction to your literature review.
• What have you, the researcher, learned from this process?
• How has it changed the way you view the topic?
• What do you agree and/or disagree with?
• What further research is needed?