A comparison of the strategies for the control of healthcare associated infection in hospitals: the UK and the Arab Gulf States
This will be about 200 words long and gives details of your objectives, method(s), key results and conclusions.
The structure of this first project is not as prescribed for the research project.
Please edit the title of the paper if it has any mistakes
Abstract and Introduction (10%)
1. Title – The title should give a clear indication of the problem or issue to be examined.
2. Aims – The topic should be introduced with an explanation of why it is worthy of study together with what you intend to achieve. Rather than identify one broad aim it is better to specify several discrete aims. The introduction should not only “set the scene” but also explain to the reader what to expect in the subsequent sections. This should include a methodology of how the review/work was carried out.
Literature review (40%)
A literature review is a critical and evaluative account of what has been published on the chosen topic. It should include:
1. an explanation of key terms e.g. safety culture
2. identification of relevant legislation, standards and guidance
3. identification and discussion of relevant research within the chosen topic
4. a proper Harvard citation to each source You must engage in the research literature as the basis of your review, otherwise the project will not be at the required level.
Analysis of the issue in the context of the literature (40%)
1. Here the issue in respect of the chosen organisation is first described (it should have been briefly mention in the introduction) and then analysed and discussed with reference to the literature.
2. Some projects amount to simple narratives or catalogues of factual material. At the other extreme they express personal opinions with little or no hard information or examples to support them. Neither is acceptable.
3. Show that you have analysed and discussed the information rather than having merely described it.
4. Make reference to the literature identified in the literature review.
Conclusions and Recommendations (10%)
1. Every project should lead to conclusions, positive or negative. The conclusions should be related directly to the title and aims of the investigation and be based on the information derived from the investigation.
2. It may be appropriate to make recommendations if for example the assignment requires you to assess management practice in a workplace. They may concern changes in policy, procedures, protocols, practices, equipment or training. They may indicate a range of options. Possibly you may recommend no change.
Presentation and references
1. A bibliography is NOT required.
2. The project should have a clear structure which divides up the content into logical blocks and also links the blocks together in a logical manner, thereby enabling the readers to rapidly gain a clear over-view of the work.
3. The form to aim for is about midway between an English essay and a business report, avoiding the completely continuous text of the former, which can be difficult for the reader to assimilate but also avoiding the “bullet-point”, note form of the latter, which does not allow you to show the logical build-up of your argument. It is essential that you build-up a logical case from the Introduction through to the Recommendations and demonstrate it.
4. Charts, tables, graphs and other types of illustration should be used, where appropriate, to support points made in the text. Their significance should be explained. It is the writer’s job to do this: it is not the job of the readers to work it out for themselves. All charts etc should be explicitly referred to in the text.
5. Presentation of quantitative data, e.g. in tables or graphs, should be clear and accurate, with axes labelled.
6. You must write in good clear well-punctuated English. Avoid the use of colloquial expressions and slang. Avoid also the use of the First and Second Persons ie “I” ,”We” or “you”. It is often a good idea to get a friend to read your project to identify grammar and spelling errors – it is not your supervisor’s role to correct the English.