A 14-yr-old boy has come to the clinic. He finds it very difficult to hear especially in a noisy environment. He has been tested earlier and was found to have normal hearing sensitivity on pure tone audiometry (PTA) and reflexes were present ipsilaterally and contralaterally for both ears for 500-2000Hz (normal responses) and otoacoustic emissions were present though were small for 1000-4000Hz. Note: Otoacoustic emissions measure outer hair cell function in the cochlear. Previously when he was tested, he was told that he may have auditory processing disorder (APD) but is not sure what it means or if it is that serious.
1) You need to first explain to the adolescent what APD is. (This will be a bit challenging I think, cause APD is too complex to explain, but try to explain in layman terms to the 14-year-old as best you can. Think of yourself as a clinician explaining APD to this 14-year-old and try to help him best understand what it means)
2) Then plan your test battery to diagnose if he has APD.
3) Lastly create a management plan to help him (this should include some suggestions regarding general communication strategies as well as some suggestions for classroom as well).
Put in headings to ease the read of the essay. Also advisable to concentrate on the three points mentioned and structure the essay that way. So perhaps start with introducing APD and what might be some of the telltale signs, and then another section saying how you would go about explaining APD to the 14-year-old and what you would say APD is to him (imagine talking to the 14-year-old). Then another section perhaps talking about the standard tests you would do. Then another section about the management for children with APD. And a conclusion summarising all those points.
REFERENCES: Use own discretion – unlimited number of sources you can use – but keep internet resources to a minimum – journals more preferred/welcomed as well as the above texts.
note: The reference list should match what is cited in-text.
Reference if in doubt – if it is an idea/thought extracted from another author/s, it is vital to cite it.
If you have a good library near you, good references to cite are:
“Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management, and Treatment” by Donna Geffner & Deborah Ross-Swann (2007)
“Ch 11 Treatment of (Central) Auditory Processing Disorders” by Teri James Bellis In Audiology Treatment by Michael Valente, Holly Hosford-Dunn, Ross J. Roeser (2nd Ed.). (2008)
“Ch 16 Diagnosing (Central) Auditory Processing Disorders in Children” by Robert W. Keith In Audiology Diagnosis by Ross J. Roeser, Michael Valente, & Holly Hosford-Dunn (2nd Ed.). (2007).
Handbook of (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder: Comprehensive Intervention Vol. 1 and 2 – Chermak & Musiek
Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management, and Treatment by Donna Geffner & Deborah Ross-Swain
PAGE LIMIT: 8.5 pages is the max.
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