Book Review: Cruelty and Silence,

The first half of the book review should contain a description, analysis and evaluation of the main arguments in Kanan Makiya’s book, Cruelty and Silence.
The second half of the book review should then move on to address the following question: Have the events popular referred to as “The Arab Spring” vindicated Makiya’s argument, or shown it to have been mistaken from the outset?

Please use additional sources, particularly sources with viewpoints contrary to those of Makiya.