sociology home work

Topic: sociology home work
Relying on Chapters 2,3,7 and 8 of your textbook and the Penner & Saperstein article, answer the following questions. Your homework should not be longer than 1 page.
1. What is Penner & Saperstein’s ontological orientation with respect to race? Explain.
2. What are the two ways in which Penner & Saperstein examine or “get at” race?
3. Identify the key variables in the study and describe the relationships between these variables that were being investigated.
4. Discuss whether and how you feel that this study is (or is not) valid with respect to two forms of validity.
No need to cite.