Primary Education -Teaching and Learning

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PORTFOLIO LESSON PLAN PROFORMA

Task Title: Teaching children how to ride a bicycle

 

Lesson(s) duration: 1hr 15min Age of learner: 5-7 years
Rationale: learners enhance their psychomotor

skills through learning bicycle riding

Expected Outcomes: by the end of the session learners will be able to:

a)      Steer the bicycle

b)      Balance on the bicycle without the balancing wheels

c)      Ride a bicycle with ease

Prior knowledge: pushing a tyre

Pushing a bicycle

Turning when one is running

Risk assessment: the place used for learning should not be rough

Where there is no option, the learners should have gear that protects

them.

First aid kit should be availed

Activity duration:

1 hour 15 minutes

 

Content: balancing on

the bike

pedalling

braking the

bike

tuning the bike

Learning activities: the learner will pedal the bike with the balancing wheel at he same

level as the bicycle wheel.

The level of the balancing wheel will be changed as the learner shows

mastery of the content.

The learner will be allowed to ride the bicycle without the balancing

wheel with the instructor keeping close vigil

learners who show speedy understanding of the content will be

encouraged though reinforcement remarks such as you have done it,

you can do it better.

Resources:

v  Bicycle and tricycle

v  Apron and helmet

v  Markers

v  Sports shoes for the learner

Assessment: Every step that the learner goes through will be reviewed through practise and without the intervention of the instructor.
Justification: the tricycle will assist the learner to rid any fears and learn how to pedal.

Marker will be used to evaluate the learner on the learning skills

Gear will be used to protect the learner from sustaining injuries during the learning sessions

 

Reflection on Teaching and Learning

The teaching and learning process is an interactive process that needs sufficient preparations and planning. To effectively teacher learners how to ride a bicycle the teacher has to develop and obtains the requisite procedures and strategies for the same. If adequate planning is done, the learning process becomes relatively faster and easy.

What?

The finer details of the learning process should be followed to ensure that the learners remain focused on what is being developed. This is because the teaching of young children can prove to be very challenging if the sessions is not effectively planned a clear plan of execution developed. The planning for the interaction with the learners determine to large extend the success of the interaction. This planning should put into consideration the materials and the resources that are to be used in the teaching learning process. Similarly, the materials identified for the teaching learning process should be at the level of the learner. Besides, the materials developed or identified for the process should take into consideration the interests and the motivation of the learners.

So what?

Riding a bicycle for the children can prove to be very challenging if the learners are not introduced to the exercise with due diligence and with sufficient motivation. If the learning is made to appear very abstract, then the learner will develop a negative attitude towards riding of bicycle and therefore impede on the learning process. The process should be presented in a motivating and captivating manner.

Teaching learning resources

v  Bicycle

v  Apron

v  Markers

v  Sports shows for the learner

v  Helmet

Objectives

By the end of the teaching session the learner should be able to:

a)      Pedal the bicycle without fear

b)      Steer the bicycle onto a straight track

c)      Turn the bicycle

d)     Balance the bicycle effectively

e)      Tricycle

f)       Bicycle with training wheels

Now what?

Once the apparatus are available for using in the teaching the teacher can know follow the lesson development procedure that will be predetermined.

Teaching procedure

Alternative I

  1.              I.      Assist the learner to put on the riding gear

This gear will protect the learner from the injuries resulting from the accidents during the learning session

  1.           II.      Teach the child how ride a tricycle

The tricycle will assist the learner to master how to effectively pedal and steer the bicycle with ease. Once the child has mastered how to steer the bicycle, the learner can move to next level by starting to learn how to pedalling using a bicycle with training wheels.

  1.        III.      Teach the learner how to balance

Balancing can be taught though the use of training wheels, unassisted two wheeling or assisted two wheeling.

Bicycles that are intended for young rider will always come with training wheels. While this would be slower in assisting the learner develop faster the riding skill, the mode is safer and convenient for the learner to even learner on their own.  The training wheels assist the learner to stabilise before being introduced to the bicycle without the wheels.

The instructor will then adjust the wheels by and by as the learner demonstrates understanding of the skills.

Alternative II

The instructor will alternatively run around with the child on the bicycle as the learner exercises the balancing skills.

The learner can then be left on his own without know to ride the bicycle with the teacher trailing closely to avoid accidents.

Conclusion

Once planning is dully done it is possible that the learner is able to follow. During the planning process the teacher is able to have the whole picture on the possible responses and the challenges that can be faced. Subsequently, the teacher develops the strategies for countering the challenges. With the picture of the lesson in the mind of the teacher the what, so what and now what questions are adequately addressed.

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