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China is a country that is well known for its unique and enduring rich culture. Having maintained its culture and continuous history for more than four thousand years makes amongst the worlds oldest civilizations. Being the most populace country in the world China holds a population capacity of around 1.3 billion people having Beijing as its capital city. It has been a source of many major inventions and also founded the first written language systems.
For more than six thousand years China was ruled by hereditary monarchies also known as dynasties until 1911 when the Qing dynasty ended that regime. Despite the fact that dynasties maintained large societies they missed the industrial revolution leading to decline in productivity. By the beginning of the 19thcentury major political and governance issues started cropping in leading to internal weakness, imperialism, conflicts and civil wars resulting to overthrowing of imperial rule. The tremendous growth and revolutions that have recently taken place in China have led to its transformation, leaving a lot to be desired by developing nations. It has grown from a dynasty to an industrial country and finally a technology state.
The year 1949 marked a major step for China after serious conflicts arose creating a civil war that led to the splitting of China into two states. The PRC or peoples republic of china took control over the main land in China and the territories that were self governments for instance Hong Kong and Makau. The other one was ROC or republic of china, which had been established in 1912 in the mainland of China and is commonly referred to as Taiwan. It has control over Taiwan Island, Pratas island group, Matsu, Pnghu and other outlying islands. By 1950 changes had started to be noticed between the two states. There was change to economic policies in Taiwan for instance leading to rapid industrialization and as a result growth. In 1970’s four modernization principles were introduced to mainland China enabling industry, technology and defense to thrive. Agriculture also improved raising the living standards of citizens as food was in plenty. For a long time China had been a poor country made up of rural peasants. Stability had not also set in and thus humiliation and internal turmoil was evident amongst citizens. But on implementation of these measures change has been gradual as in the improvement of political and economic structures are visible. Politics in China has collaboratively stabilized because of the efforts given by leaders alongside the cooperation of citizens who are the work force of any nation.
Outstanding territorial issues
While the entire world cannot help admiring and fixing their eyes on China’s booming economic developments characterized by its famished appetite for energy, some cluttered diplomatic issues seem to be dangling on a loose end in form of territorial disputes. The neighbors who border this Asian giant are not very happy because there has been trespassing into boundaries leaving them tampered. Though the world has highly publicized the issue of Beijing’s claims over Taiwan, China itself is entangled in not less than thirteen unresolved land issues. The fact that its military capacity has also increased may just be another cause for war to break out. There is a high likelihood for military conflict over the issue as it has been witnessed amongst many world powers in the past. Many efforts by China to diplomatically address these issues have not yielded positive results up to now. It is important to note the fact that many unresolved border disputes normally involve potential energy reserves. This implies that China may be prompted to use military force so as to resolve those issues which are not only strategic but also have economic interest.
US and China
China has had to endure frictions from other world powers like US. The recent one arose concerning trade spats over issues like cars, steel, poultry and Hollywood films. Being the World biggest importers and exporters would mean that the impact will be severe. US-China relationship when placed in historical context can be compared to the tensions that existed in 1980s between Washington and Tokyo (US and Europe) causing devastating economic crisis such as unemployment. Of importance is going back to the international trade bodies and following the rules that are used for settling legal disputes.
China’s economy, trade and rights.
Economically China is the worlds fastest growing, since attaining its economic liberty in 1978, PRC’s investment together with export increased its economy to be 90 times bigger. Since then it has also become the world second largest GDP which sums to 34.06 trillion Yuan or (US$4.99 trillion). Chinese economy can only be described as spectacular. The PRC is also ranked amongst the most visited countries in the world holding 50.9 million inbound international visitors from last years reports. The question of what has made it so successful is answered by, it manufacturing products as a low-cost that is easily accessible to the producer. This factor alone cannot prevail as combination of cheap labor, high productivity, good Policies implemented by the government, swift infrastructure, continuous inventions, growth and improvement of technology and skill or know how.
All citizens are entitled to equal human rights and access to the resources endowed.