Language Studies – LING6005 (MA)
Assessment 2 pt 1 Phonology (25%) 2015
This assessment must be completed by you alone without help from another student, tutor or another person after
ceipt of this paper. Submission of this assessment indicates that you agree to and have complied with this
condition. Since it is an open book assessment you can consult your lecture and tutorial notes and materials to
help you complete the tasks but do not quote from any of your sources. Use only your own words.
1. Transcribe the following sentence using the IPA to demonstrate the sounds of a broad Australian accent.
The phrases have been adapted from Afferbeck Lauder’s book called Strine. (See the ‘standard’ English
version below*). Use the spelling of the words to help you transcribe in phonemic script the broad Australian
pronunciation of this phrase.
Hair bat chewinim caminova tmipe lice isarvo?
*(in ‘standard’ English: How about you and him coming over to my place this afternoon? Do not use
standard English pronunciation for your transcription).
2. Using your IPA transcription above, identify an example of elision, metathesis, assimilation, and
epenthesis, if one can be found. Identify the relevant word/s using standard spelling, write out the
corresponding phonemic transcription, and write a comment to explain your example as in the example
below. If no example can be found, write ‘no example found’.
e.g. epenthesis length – with the added /k/
(4 marks)
3a Explain the concepts of a phoneme and an allophone in your own words. Do not quote from your
sources. (2 marks)
3b Find examples of THREE different phonemes and their allophones in six words from the following
A: How about you and him coming over to my place this afternoon?
B: Well, I don’t feel like it really. I’ve been in town all day and I just want to watch television at home.
e.g. the /æ/ phoneme is pronounced differently in the words map and man. The /æ/ is
nasalized in man but is not nasalized in map.
(3 marks)
4. Write three short dialogues to illustrate how different intonations of the word ‘no’ can communicate
different meanings of this word. Use your own punctuation and the words rise and/or, fall to indicate the
intonation being used, and explain the meaning conveyed in each case.
e.g. A: Manchester City won the soccer match.
B: Noooo! intonation long fall
meaning extreme disappointment that this soccer team won.
(3 marks)
5. Describe TWO aspects of English phonology that were/are/ a problem for you or a student of yours (e.g.
pronouncing certain vowels, consonants, consonant clusters, stressed syllables in a word, using
appropriate intonation, etc).
• Describe the two problems and what steps were/could be taken to improve the pronunciation.
• Write approximately 200 – 250words about each problem.
• Include at least 3 academic references in-text and end-text to support your arguments.
(4 marks each, total 8 marks).
Total 25 marks