Stress Management and Wellness

Chapter 2 – Psychophysiology
Stress Management and Wellness 2/3
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In Chapter 2 we will be taking a closer look at the physical and chemical responses
individuals have to stressors. Stress can be caused by biological agents, the
environment as well as other external sources, these stressors are processed by
your “personal-computers” (i.e. brains) and instructs the rest of your body to
respond (Flight-or-Fight). All of us have certain stressors that trigger the same
physical responses every time we experience them. A physiological response can
be as “simple” as muscle tension or as complex as memory lost. We unfortunately
cannot significant change how our bodies chemically and/or physiologically
responds to stressors (i.e. medication); however, we can cultivate
stress management techniques that will allow us to process our physical and
emotional reactions in a positive way.
Learning Objectives
The following are the learning objectives for this chapter: By the completion of
this chapter, should be able to do the following:
Identify the two major components of the brain
Understand the structures of the brain and their functions (Cerebellum,
medulla oblongata, etc…)
Understand the importance of the Endocrine System and how the hormones
secreted from these glands are related to stress
What is cortisol?
The Autonomic Nervous System
The Cardiovascular System
The Gastrointestinal System
How your muscles and skin respond to stress
Reading: Chapter #2
Writing assignment: Chapter #2 Lab Assessments, Week #2 Reflection Paper
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