Social Inclusion/Exclusion

Social Inclusion/Exclusion
Short Paper: Students will each write a short paper (1200 words maximum not including the list of references) addressing the meaning of social inclusion/exclusion. You may write a strictly conceptual paper, for example, distinguishing social inclusion/exclusion from other concepts such as poverty, inequality, capability deprivation, basic needs, social development, and/or human development. It is equally acceptable to write a paper on a specific example of social exclusion and propose and describe a successful approach to inclusion, provided that the paper uses the illustration to put forth a definition or concept of social inclusion. The objective of the paper is to demonstrate an understanding of the key concept “social inclusion/exclusion,” and the paper must serve this purpose. Please use 12 point Times New Roman font, double-spaced lines and at least 1-inch margins.
44)Compensation: 1)Fairness 2) Utilitarian Sort-term justification
There will be 2 questions that have to be answered separately. one page for each of the questions.
Article#3 will be used for question#1
and Article#8 will be used for question#2
1)be a problem solver not a victim
2)you can use explanatory footnote
3) make sure to use at least 3 Citations from the Articles IN THE PARAGRAPHS

An analytic paper on the sociology of food.

Topic: An analytic paper on the sociology of food.
The main focus of the paper is going to compare the United State’s economic system and other countries’ economic system as to why Americans cannot make a comfortable living working in the fast food industry, but people in other countries, like Australia, can. The paper must have a thesis (it must make an argument). The paper must be theoretically grounded, methodologically sound, and reflective of Mill’s “sociological imagination” and Schwalbe’s “sociological mindfulness.” Use ASA format, standard 1-inch margins on all four sides, and a standard 12-point, Times New Roman font. Must have 12 scholarly sources, at least 6 of which must be articles from peer-reviewed academic journals. Paper must be 13 pages (not including the title and reference pages).

Social Theory

Topic: Social Theory
I can only you the pages in my textbook for the essay question,NO EXTERNAL SOURCES I will upload the pdf file with the readings from my book
DUE: Upload to Moodle

Discuss how social exclusion can impact on the health outcomes of people with a disability

Topic: Discuss how social exclusion can impact on the health outcomes of people with a disability
Correctly formatted cover page, contents page, page numbers (with the introduction on page 1, use section breaks to help, and an introduction, conclusion
And reference page. You must use the APA 6th editions
Fonts size 12, font Times New Roman
You will be required to use only credible sources of academic information
Your answer should include
– Background to the determinant including any relevant statistics and
– Evidence of how the determinant influences the physical and/or mental health and wellbeing of
The identified target group of Australians, i.e. relevant health behaviors as well as health
Outcomes- there may be multiple impacts including physical, mental and social
The impact of the determinant on physical and/or mental health may be positive and/or negative
You may not be able to discuss every aspect of the determinant and their impact on health within
The maximum word limit; therefore you may need to limit your discussion to the major aspects of
The determinant and their impact on health. For example, you may choose to limit your discussion
To the impact on either physical or mental health or to a subset of aspects or examples of the
Determinant. Your introduction is the ideal place to outline the scope of your essay
Note that the maximum word count of 1500 words is NOT to include the title page, contents page or
Reference page. In-text citations are included in the word count. Once 1500 words are reached your tutor will stop marking so please keep within this maximum. Please type the accurate word count in brackets after your conclusion

How digital media changed the luxury consumption patterns in china that affects luxury brands to change their global strategies

How digital media changed the luxury consumption patterns in china that affects luxury brands to change their global strategies
should talk about what are the social factors that make chinese people fetishize luxury brands, and how digital media and social media changed their consumption patterns, because china market is growing very fast and account for a significant share of global sales for luxury products, therefor how the luxury brands tailored their media strategy towards chinese market. the paper should give specific examples of one or two luxury brands. and it needs include primary research.

socially responsibility construction company and their sustainability

The most socially responsibility construction company and their sustainability
points “sustainability and environmental effect” will always
link to the social resposibility to analyse, and why and how
the company’s project prove its social responsibility in
sustainable area, for example the Urban revitalization; make
sustainable area, for example the Urban revitalization; make
sure the social responsibility is the central points of the
report.He can write another point which is one of the
sustainability parts and it can link to social responsibility,
not just environmental benefits.
This assignment is group assignment so the writer only need to write part of the assignment which are 1500 words. I also need 200 words presentation speeches about the part. My group work need to focus on two construction company which are Lend Lease (Australia) and Hochtief (Germany). My part is Wider Environmental Impact and Sustainability about these two companies. The writer should focus this point and relevant to the question 3 which is the sustainability and environment benefits,success and contribution about these two companies and write few contents in their measuring methods of sustainability. And the writer do not need to write the introduction and conclusion, he only need to write the sustainability and environment content of the report.The writer should use at least two case studies(literature) in the content to focus the sustainability topic.
I have attached 11 documents which include the assignment outline and marking criteria, it contains more details that include the third question and assignment backgroun; and other 10 resources which may relevant to the assignment and it can help the writer create some directions to write. Another important thing is the reference, this assignment can only use references which are from reputable publications. This includes books, peer-reviewed journals and conferences, government reports and high quality consultant’s reports. Stay away from personal and consultant websites and newspaper articles.And the writer should insert some pictures and headings or subheadings to the report. Thanks.



Topic: Social
Paper instructions:
A social problem of importance to you, and how a direct practice or policy intervention might provide a way to engage it and describe your specific short and long term goals, and how a social work education at (School of social service administration) SSA provides a way for you to achieve them.
Additional materials: not defined
Attached additional materials: not defined


Total: Deadline: Nov 7, 2013 20:00 UTC+03:00
Number of parts: 1 parts
Number of pages: 2 pages
Price initial by Customer: n/a
Order details: Type of paper needed: Writing > Coursework
Topic category: Other
Academic level: College (3-4 years: Junior, Senior)
Number of Sources required: 0 Paper format: not defined
Paper instructions:

QUESTION 1( WEEK 6 VIDEO –Small is beautiful by E.F. Schumacher on appropriate Technology – 1 – you tube). Watch the video and comment on it.

What are the key innovation networks and why is this important in the innovation process? Provide examples.

What are some of the key challenges of managing innovation networks?

QUESTION 4. ( Review the case under Week 6 Assignments. Your assignment is to do the following):

1) Provide a summary of the case.
2) Discuss the key issues in the case.
3) Evaluate how issues are resolved.
4) Provide a conclusion to the case.

Each of the four sections should be one detailed paragraph. You should use essay format in your analysis with a title page and double spacing. The total length of the paper should be 300- 400 words.
Written by:
Dr. Luke Pittaway
Dr. Maxine Robertson
Dr. David Denyer
Dr. Kamal Munir
Professor Andy Neely2
Written by:
Dr. Luke Pittaway, Dr. Maxine Robertson, Dr. David Denyer, Dr. Kamal Munir, Professor Andy Neely
AIM – the UK’s research initiative on management
The Advanced Institute of Management Research
(AIM) develops UK-based world-class management
research. AIM seeks to identify ways to enhance
the competitiveness of the UK economy and its
infrastructure through research into management
and organisational performance in both the private
and public sectors.
about AIM
AIM consists of:
¦ Over 100 AIM Fellows and Scholars – all leading academics in their fields…
¦ Working in cooperation with leading international academics and specialists
as well as UK policymakers and business leaders…
¦ Undertaking a wide range of collaborative research projects on management…
¦ Disseminating ideas and shared learning through publications, reports,
workshops and events…
¦ Fostering new ways of working more effectively with managers and policy makers…
¦ To enhance UK competitiveness and productivity.
AIM’s Objectives
Our mission is to significantly increase the contribution of and future capacity
for world class UK management research.
Our more specific objectives are to:
¦ Conduct research that will identify actions to enhance the UK’s international
¦ Raise the quality and international standing of UK research on management
¦ Expand the size and capacity of the active UK research base on management
¦ Engage with practitioners and other users of research within and beyond the
UK as co-producers of knowledge about managementforeword
As I join AIM, as the initiative’s new director, I am delighted
to see the early work of our AIM Scholars come to fruition.
The AIM Scholars scheme takes some of the UK’s best and
brightest young academics and sets them the challenge of
summarising what is known about specific topics.
This report, the first in a series, deals with the issue of networks and how these
help firms become more innovative. The report is underpinned by a systematic
review, which involved the AIM Scholars looking at over 600 publications dealing
with the issues of networks and innovation.
The best of these papers were summarised and the core themes from this vast
body of knowledge synthesised. It is this background material that was used
to develop the i-works concept and associated report.
I trust that you find the report of interest and value and invite you to contact
my colleagues and I at AIM if you would like to discuss this, or our other related
work, more fully.
Professor Robin Wensley
Director, AIM Research
AIM – the UK’s research initiative
on management 2
About AIM 2
Foreword 3
Executive review 4
Introduction 6
Characteristics of innovative networks 8
Conclusions 12
Biographies 14executive review
Improving the competitiveness of the UK economy
is a national priority. Recent studies – the Porter
and the Department of Trade and Industry
(DTI) Innovation Review2
show that the UK
lags behind its major competitors in terms of
productivity. There is a growing consensus that
closing the productivity gap relies on transforming
the UK from a low cost to a high value economy.
Innovation – the successful exploitation of new ideas – is a
prerequisite for a high value economy. Despite an impressive
science base, the UK lags behind other developed economies
in converting new ideas into commercial applications. Both the
Porter Report and the DTI Innovation Review identified networks
as vital to the creation, dissemination and exploitation of ideas.
As part of its ongoing work, the DTI asked AIM to undertake
further research into the state of networking and innovation in
the UK. This report provides an overview of the findings of a team
of management scholars selected by AIM to review existing
research on business-to-business networks and innovation. 5
Key findings
It is clear that networks play a major role in the innovation process. Moreover, a
certain type of high value network is far more effective at sparking innovation. We call
these Innovation Networks or i-works. i-works have the following characteristics:
¦ Highly diverse: network partners from a wide variety of disciplines and
backgrounds who encourage exchange about ideas across systems
¦ Third party gatekeepers: science partners such as universities, but also consultants
and trade associations, who provide access to expertise and act as neutral
knowledge brokers across the network
¦ Financial leverage: access to investors via business angels, venture capital firms
and corporate venturing which spreads the risk of innovation and provides market
¦ Proactively managed: participants regard the network as a valuable asset and
actively manage it to reap the innovation benefits
For firms, access to i-works offers a potent source of new ideas and competitive
advantage. Fostering relationships with such networks should be seen by firms as
a critical capability.
The research also points to the need to encourage the formation of and participation
in i-works. More research is required to understand the full implications for firms
and policymakers. 6
The Porter Report and the DTI Innovation Review highlighted weaknesses in the UK’s
competitive position. In particular, they identified low productivity compared to other
major developed economies. At present, for example, the UK trails rivals like the US,
France, and Germany on a number of important measures including:
¦ Output per hour worked in key sectors including financial and business
services and distribution
¦ Business R&D expenditure per worker
¦ Business investment as a percentage of GDP
To close the gap, both reports concluded, the UK must move from being an economy
that competes on low cost to one that competes on high value. Higher levels of
innovation are a prerequisite to making this transition. Innovation allows companies
and countries to benefit from the technological and scientific advances that are
changing the world more rapidly than ever before.
But on two vital indicators of innovation, business R&D and patents, the UK trails
the US and is falling behind other international competitors. Overall, R&D spending
as a percentage of UK GDP declined from 1.5% of GDP in 1981 to 1.16% in 1997.
And by 2003 it had risen only marginally to 1.83%.
Where the UK does score highly is with its strong science base. Using a measure of
scientific papers published, adjusted for population, it is well ahead of its international
rivals including the US, Germany, France, Canada and Japan.
What is clear, however,
is that the UK is failing to convert its scientific research advantage into products and
services. One way to increase the rate of this conversion of ideas into profitable
products and services is through better networking.
The power of networks
To gain a better understanding of how business networks in particular affect innovation,
AIM asked a team of scholars to examine what research has been carried out in this area.
The findings confirm that networks are an essential part of modern economic life.
As technologies increasingly converge to create new products and entire new markets,
the knowledge required for such innovations is increasingly scattered within and among
organisations. As a result, innovation processes are becoming more extended and more
complex. Harnessing these pockets of knowledge requires firms and individuals to
collaborate in more interactive ways. Networks play a vital role in facilitating this collaboration.
As the diagram opposite shows business-to-business networks are complex.
Networks provide important benefits including:
¦ Access to external knowledge
¦ Risk sharing
¦ Access to new markets and technologies
¦ Faster time to market
¦ Pooling complementary skills
One way to
increase the rate
of innovation is
through better
Yet many questions about how networks support innovation remain unanswered.
For example: How should firms position themselves within networks? What kinds
of networks contribute most to innovation?
While more research is required to explore these issues, the AIM research did
identify that networks with certain characteristics are more likely to foster innovation.
AIM Conceptual Framework: Networking and Innovation
Science Partners
Network Governance
Network Management
Distributors Competition
Science Parks
Industry Networks
Business Clubs Clusters
Centres for
The power of networks – the biotech industry
The biotechnology industry highlights the value of networking. Biotech companies
translate scientific discoveries into commercial technologies and new medical products.
To do this they need, among other things: large amounts of capital to fund costly
research; assistance with management and clinical trials; and later on, experience with
the regulatory approval process, manufacturing, marketing, distribution, and sales.
The technological and scientific knowledge required to stay on top of such a field is
diverse. The industry is complex and changing rapidly. Many new areas of science are
converging or have become inextricably intertwined – from genetics, biochemistry, cell
biology, general medicine, computer science, even to physics and optical sciences.
Modern biotechnology is a set of technologies relevant to a wide range of disciplines
and industries.
As all the necessary skills and organisational capabilities needed to compete in the
industry are not readily available under one roof, biotech firms enter into a wide array
of alliances to gain access to different competencies and knowledge. These alliances
may be with larger pharmaceutical companies, for example, that provide a set of
organisational capabilities that biotech firms are lacking, or they may be with research
institutes and other specialised firms to stay abreast of the latest technological and
market opportunities. Ultimately, however, success in the biotech industry depends
on a firm’s ability to access knowledge and skills located beyond its organisational
boundaries. Without access to the appropriate network partners and the skills to
manage the process of networking a biotech firm would be unable to compete
and survive.

The management of network relationships

The management of network relationships is inherently difficult. Knowledge of how to
collaborate accumulates over time through experience, reflection, and interpretation.
Striking the right balance involves managing informal and formal agreements, while
at the same time establishing trust.
Firms need to learn network competencies, for example:
¦ Whether agreements need contracts or can be based on good faith
¦ If friendship or reputation plays a role in the identification of partners
¦ Milestones or interventions needed to ensure a project stays on course
Unfortunately many firms do not appreciate the need for network management skills.
One study of owner-managers of printing electronic firms in the UK, for example,
revealed that the need to manage networks was widely ignored. Although there
was plenty of contact in the sector between small and large firms there was a lack
of active management of these relationships.
In particular:
¦ Contact tended to be one-off and intermittent
¦ There was a lack of long-term relationships
¦ Contacts tended to be haphazard rather than via strong local networks
¦ Firms put little effort into promoting and maintaining them networks
¦ Networking was conducted via a few key employees within the firm. When these
employees left or were absent then the firm’s links with the network was broken
Worryingly the owner-managers did not see the value in networks and only 20% saw
any value in introductory services. This is a problem because the general evidence
supports the view that networks are more effective at leading to innovation where
they are both long-term and relatively stable. Fortunately firms can develop network
capability. It is also clear than some networks are intrinsically more dynamic than others.12
The research has a number of important implications for business practitioners.
It confirms that networks play a crucial role in innovation through: access to external
knowledge; risk sharing; access to new markets and technologies; accelerated time
to market; and pooling complementary skills.
The findings also suggest that a particular type of networks, i-works, have greater
innovation potential.
i-works display the following characteristics:
¦ Highly diverse: network partners from a wide variety of disciplines and
backgrounds who encourage exchange about ideas across systems
¦ Third party gatekeepers: science partners, such as universities, but also consultants
and trade associations, provide access to expertise and act as neutral knowledge
brokers across the network
¦ Financial leverage: access to investors via business angels, venture capital firms
and corporate venturing which spreads the risk of innovation and provides
market intelligence
¦ Proactively managed: participants regard the network as a valuable asset and
actively manage it to reap the innovation benefits
Companies should therefore:
¦ Proactively manage their networks and networking activities
¦ Actively seek out and participate in i-works
¦ Collaborate with third parties such as trade associations, consultants and science
partners who can act as neutral network brokers
¦ Recognise that venture finance networks offer more than just funding
The first step, however, is for senior managers in the UK to realise that networking is
a critical capability for their organisations – and should be managed as such. Companies
need to manage knowledge spillover, but they also need to recognise that no company
is an island. The failure to develop networking capability is a self-limiting strategy.
The failure
to develop
capability is a
strategy. Implications for policymakers and researchers
The AIM research also has a number of important implications for policymakers
and researchers. In particular, policy makers should consider a range of measures
to stimulate the formation of i-works, including:
¦ Establishing centres for collaboration in priority areas
¦ Fostering the diversity of partners, e.g. actively promoting local SME networking,
pump priming funding for foreign research collaboration
¦ Establishing more network intermediaries in universities and colleges
¦ Strengthening the role of business angel networks on a local (sub-regional) level
¦ Encouraging syndicated investments to improve the quality and the quantity
of investment in entrepreneurial fir