Indonesian nationalism and the development of the Indonesian language
Subject: Asian Studies
In what ways are Indonesian nationalism and the development of the Indonesian language related to each other? You can choose to look at this from a combination of different historical, political and/or social perspectives.(Compare the similar situation with other Asian countries, China,Taiwan or Japan)
-INTRODUCTION: Say what you are arguing and what you are going to do in the essay in the introductory paragraph. Use sentences like ‘This essay is going to discuss/examine…firstly…secondly…’ in the end of the introduction to show arguments clearly.
-CONCLUSION: restate the arguments in this essay briefly and in the same order as those in the introduction.
-BODY paragraphs: 1.Have a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph by stating the main argument. 2.Within a paragraph (an argument), using ‘firstly’ ‘secondly’..to list all the points. 3.Make sure each paragraph is connected/related to another and show the connections. 4.Use headings or sequence numbers to make the whole essay easy and LOGICAL to follow/read.
Have a clear argument that runs through the essay. Show how you evaluate conflicting theories or policies or strategies or approaches.
-REFERENCE: only use academic books and journals as reference to support the arguments. ALWAYS support the arguments (and points within the main arguments) with evidence/reference, and avoid direct quote and run-on/informal sentence. Don’t just gather all the materials without logic! Explain/show the relevance for every reference. The document that I uploaded and listed below must be mainly focused on.
Abas, Husen. Indonesian as a unifying language of wider communication : a historical and sociolinguistic perspective.
Alisyahbana, S. Takdir. 1962. Indonesian language and literature : two essays. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University, Southeast Asia Studies.
Anderson, Benedict R. O’G. Imagined communities : reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism.
Anderson, Benedict R. O’G. Language and power : exploring political cultures in Indonesia.
Anwar, Khaidir. 1990. Indonesian: the development and use of a national language . Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press.
Berman, Laine 1998. Speaking through the silence : narratives, social conventions, and power in Java. New York : Oxford University Press.
Errington, J. Joseph. 1998. Shifting languages : interaction and identity in Javanese Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heryanto, Ariel. 1995. Language of development and development of language : the case of Indonesia. Canberra : Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Dept. of Linguistics.
Muliono, Anton M. Language development and cultivation : alternative approaches in language planning.
Maier, H. M. J. 1993. ?From heteroglossia to polyglossia: The creation of Malay and Dutch in the Indies?, Indonesia 56:37-65.
Sen, Krishna and David Hill. 2000. Media, culture and politics in Indonesia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press
Siegel, James T. 1986. Solo in the new order : language and hierarchy in an Indonesian city. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1986.
Simpson, Andrew. 2007. Language and national identity in Asia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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