“The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative” by Immanuel Kant


After reading ”The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative” by Immanuel Kant, respond to the A
following questions concerning cultural relativism and subjectivism located at the end of the
chapter. Your response to each question should be 700 to 300 words in length. Kant claims that a
good will is the only thing that can be considered “good without limitation.” What does he mean by
this? Do you find this claim plausible? Unlike hedonists. Kant believes that happiness is not always
good. What reasons does he give for thinking this? Do you agree with him? What is the difi‘erence
between doing something ”in conformity with dutY’ and doing something ‘from duty”? Kant claims
to have discovered a categorical imperative. a moral requirement that we have reason to follow
regardless of what we happen to desire. C on people have reasons for action that are completely
independent of their desires? According to Kant, it is morally permissible to act on a particular
principle (or maxim) only if “you can at the same time will that it become a universal law.” Do you
think this is a good test of whether an action is morally permissible? Can you think of any immoral
actions that would pass this test. or any morally permissible actions that would fail it? Kant later
gives another formulation of the categorical imperative: “50 act that you use humanity. whether in
your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as
a means.” What does it mean to treat someone as an end? Are we always morally required to treat humans in this way [MO3.2]