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Climate change and transport disruption and measuring risk and uncertainty.

Research in the field of climate change and transport disruption is concerned with the perception that extreme weather events are occurring more often in the latest years. In the last few years the UK transport system has witnessed some of the worst extreme weather conditions in its history, these conditions have resulted in big impacts to transport users, operators, the economy, at both the local and national level, and has also suffered prolonged periods of extreme weather conditions. Until now there has been no method on how risk and uncertainty can be measured and handled within transport infrastructure to reduce impact on transport system or how policy maker’s deal with risk and uncertainty in the development and implementation of strategy and projects.

The focus of this research will be on examining how risk and uncertainty are framed and handled within the appraisal, policy development and strategy implementation phases, in response to the challenges presented by climate change to transport infrastructure.


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prediction model for handling the flash mechanism in the vehicle

After the files being transferred to the target vehicle over the air, a mechanism is needed to distribute these files to the required ECU by the infotainment system. The mechanism shall have the capability of flashing each ECU with the downloaded files. The mechanism shall have the capability of rollback in case of failure. The mechanism shall use the standard process used by OEM to flash ECUs in the vehicle to ensure compatibility.

the model must be new method that is better than the one used in industry. there must be comparison analysis and simulation and results.

Article structure

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered

1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this

numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix,

Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Instruction Files (0)

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‘How train services can benefit Qatar government and its people?’

This is a dissertation and I have attached a proposal for the writers benefit. The dissertation must be structured and have the following:

Abstract (approx. 300 words)
A one page summary outlining the background to the project, aims and objectives, methods and techniques, main findings and conclusions.

List chapter by chapter the contents of the dissertation including Appendices and Bibliography, followed by a list of illustrations, figure by figure. Each listed item should have a page reference number in the dissertation.

Chapter 1– Introduction (approx. 500 words)
This should include background information on the subject under research, including appropriate concepts, theories, ongoing debates and issues. There should be a statement of the problem, the research questions and hypothesis if appropriate. The background should lead naturally into a clear statement of Aims and Objectives.

Chapter 2 – Literature Review (approx. 2500 words)
This chapter should provide a critical analysis of the literature on the topic under consideration identifying key issues. The literature review should not be a list of books articles you have read. It may be organised into themes on the topic you are researching and can also include findings of previous research. While researching and writing up the literature review, you should refer to your Aims and Objectives.

Chapter 3 – Methodology (approx. 1200 words)
In this chapter you should explain the overall approach to your research, and how you have conducted your secondary and primary research. You should explain your choice of research method(s) and the technique(s) selected for gathering data. You must explain why your chosen method(s) and technique(s) were preferred to others, how information is to be collected and the sampling technique. You should also discuss bias, and how you intend to eliminate or to minimise it to produce valid, reliable results. If there are any ethical issues associated with your research discuss them here.

Chapter 4 – Findings: Results, Analysis and Discussion (approx. 2700 words)
Present the main findings of your research here in a complete, clear and helpful way. Material may be organized thematically with appropriate headings or linked directly to your objectives.

Data from your primary research should be presented in this section and analysed with critical commentary. Comment on the quality of the responses and the reliability/limitations of the findings. It may be appropriate to present data in tables or charts. For example data from a questionnaire survey may be presented in tables, bar charts or pie charts. Data from interviews may be displayed in charts, matrices or networks.

The findings should be discussed in detail and related to your aims and objectives and to the literature review. Discuss similarities and differences between you primary research and your secondary research. It is not appropriate to introduce new literature here. It is more about placing your findings in a wider context.

Chapter 5 – Conclusion and Recommendations (approx. 500 words)
The conclusion should provide a succinct summary of your investigation, emphasizing your findings and their relationship to your Aims and Objectives. Essentially, there should be nothing new in this chapter: no new data, no new information, no further analysis or argument. The only new material which might be appropriate are any recommendations you wish to make regarding modification to theory or further research, or for practitioners or organizations which may benefit from a knowledge of the outcomes of the study.

Chapter 6 – Evaluation and reflections (approx. 300 words)
This could be included in the previous chapter, if you wish. It is a reflective critique of the research, including an assessment of how effectively the investigation has addressed the Aims and Objectives and an evaluation of the research approaches used.

Reference List
A list of sources used, presented in the format of the Harvard system of referencing. List sources alphabetically by surname.

Charts, tables, completed questionnaires, interview transcripts and other relevant information which is referred to in the project may be located here

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Protecting Critical Infrastructure

See Requirements
Term Paper

Title: Protecting Critical Infrastructure

Description: For purposes of this exercise, please assume that you are the Governor of Florida. Your daily clippings contained an article entitled, Foreign Powers Steal Data on Critical U.S. Infrastructure, NSA Chief Says by Ellen Nakashima of the Washington Post. After reading this article, you became very concerned about the critical infrastructure in your state and you’ve tasked your staff with drafting an essay. The essay (your term paper) must address the following issues:

What are the top 3 critical infrastructure sectors in your state that are vulnerable to cyber attacks?

Which state agency is responsible for these sectors? Please list the agency and provide information on relevant state laws.

Pursuant to the NIPP, which federal department is responsible for protecting the security of the three sectors? Please list the Sector Specific Agency and provide information on the relevant Sector Specific Plan.

What role does the private sector have in protecting these sectors?

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Topic: Energy

Topic: Energy

•you must write an essay to answer the follow question:

Outline the major issues around energy production and consumption. How will the world meet its energy needs in the future?

Use the resources and TEXTS FROM YOUR OWN RESEARCH.

The essay must include citations and references in Harvard style for the sources you use.

An outline for your full essay. The outline should clearly show the structure of the essay and the sources that will be used to support the main points. It can also briefly include any examples you will use.

The word count for the essay is approximately 1,000 words.


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