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An emergency response plan is crucial for management and avoiding risks in any given city. The capacity of people living in the city has relentlessly increased meaning that the vulnerability to accidents or emergencies has shot up too. There is need to cautiously formulate strategies that respond to unexpected catastrophic events brought by human activities or natural disasters. The strategies will work to protect people, save property and lives in case tragedies occur (Baker, 2008, p.24).
The recent years have seen emergency response plans significantly improved through coordinated efforts of departments involved in emergencies as well as the government (Nudell &Antakol, 1988). This has increased funds and support making preparations swift. Institutions that work in managing emergencies are expected to be alert and ready to respond to emergencies at any time. Amongst the oldest departments involved in managements are the fire departments (Siarnicki & Gist 2010).
The fire departments are well organized and have a heart for protection of human life. Following the enacted fire code enforcements they are able to inspect and note violations which are risky (Ruckriegel, 2011, p.65).They risk their lives through the fierily hot furnace to save human lives. Whenever there are cases that pose as a threat to human life for instance open boreholes and ditches, fire fighters are there to cover up the dangerous holes and protect further threat to life. Their efforts are recognized in every city as they work day and night to ensure safety prevails. Fire departments understand all steps that need to be followed incase of an emergency so as to rescue lives (Nudell &Antakol, 1988). Bearing this in mind makes fire departments worth the opportunity of leading disaster management in the city.
The fire departments are organized in a hierarchical system making it easier to coordinate the sub departments through a chain of command system. The top authority is fire chief who heads the agency, followed by deputy chiefs, battalion chiefs who act as middle men, company chiefs and firefighters who work directly in the fire company (Marsar, 2010). Having such an organization ensures efficacy in delivery of safety services as well as coordination. Responsibilities are evenly distributed making management of crisis a shared responsibility.
Emergencies and accidents are always astonishing they endanger life and make it difficult to live normally again. The fear instilled in individuals can be traumatizing and make the recovery process challenging. However, since a department like fire has dealt with many emergencies they are able to adjust and recuperate well after the emergencies. Departments have also developed therapies that will help in adjustment after dealing with emergencies. I feel that the process of moving from normal operation would do well outside the scope of duties assigned to fire departments (Baker, 2008).It has already been dealt with by fire departments.
Deciding policy and identifying resources largely require s approval from higher authority. Since the decision made will affect the city the government and law have to give a go ahead for the formulated policies. If the policy is found unfit to deal with emergencies or resolve threats it is terminated. Good policies must put the city interests first (Siarnicki & Gist 2010, p.163). Identifying resources requires intervention from donors, activist groups and governments so as to implement suitable strategies as well as buy machines and emergency kits.
Assessing threats is a critical factor since we are dealing with handling emergencies which are a threat to life and property. The extent of threat will give a link to resources required for dealing with it, the people who will be involved amongst other crucial emergency details. Each of the mentioned factors works collaboratively to yield successful results and help manage crisis and emergencies in the city diligently.