Domestic Violence

Domestic violence against women and children is an outcry in today’s society which should not been ignored. Women and children emerge from domestic violence with negative health effects like HIV/AIDS, malnutrition and other diseases including increased risks of infant deaths. This research seeks to address the extent of domestic violence against women and children and the above mentioned implications.

Thesis Statement
In order to curb the diseases and health hazards of HIV/AIDS, malnutrition and infant mortality, policy makers will have to eliminate of foster the decline of domestic violence against women and children.

Annotated Bibliography
Ackerson, L.K, & Subramanian, S.V. (2008). Domestic Violence and Chronic Malnutrition among Women and Children in India. American Journal of Epidemiology, (167)10, 1188-1196.
Ackerson and Subramanian in this research article set out to establish whether there is a connection between domestic violence and the effect of malnutrition on women and children. In doing so, the authors embarked on a qualitative research study where they utilized data from the 1998-1999 Indian National Family Study. Variables used to measure malnutrition were anemia and underweight while self reported cases of domestic violence represented the exposure variable. Findings from the research study indicated that 19% of women reported domestic violence and 19.8% of the children’s mothers did the same. High levels of malnutrition were observed in women with half suffering from anemia and a third of them were underweight. Children suffered a similar fate with 70% having severe anemia, 36% were severely stunted, 17.3 were stunted and 5% were underweight. The connection between malnutrition and domestic violence arises in that domestic violence perpetrators often withhold food from their victims. The authors indicate the need to eliminate domestic violence and its direct influence to curbing malnutrition. Suggestions are also made by the authors for future research to examine other health outcomes of domestic violence against women and children.

Asling-Monemi, K., Ellsberg, M.C., Pena, R., & Persson, L.K. (2003). Violence Against Women Increases the Risk of Infant and Child Mortality: A Case-Referent Study in Nicaragua. Bull World Health Organ, (81)1, 10-16.
Unlike other impacts of domestic violence which have been widely investigated, there is little research carried out on the effects of violence against women on their offspring’s survival. The authors as such endeavor to close this gap in research by investigating this subject in a study in Nicaragua. Data used for this research emanated from a demographic database with statistics of a sample collected in rural and urban households in Leon. Seeking to capture the risk associated with maternal domestic violence,they……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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