Anatomy – Bodily Systems

 
Human physiology is the study of the structure and function of the systems of the human body. Each organ system performs specific functions in the body, but there are also many life processes that require the integration of several systems. Responding to the environment through movement is one example of a complex process that requires the integration of several different systems. Structures found in the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems function interdependently during voluntary skeletal movements.

Anatomists and physiologists use models and diagrams to aid in understanding the form and function of the human body.

Movements occur in response to a stimulus inside or outside the body. The following task will help you identify, label, and describe a diagram of the structures that facilitate movement, and also help you explain how the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems function interdependently during one of the following movements:
• Running when a starting pistol signals the beginning of a race
• Climbing the stairs to answer the phone
• Eating a hamburger in response to its smell
• Picking up a box from the floor and placing it on a shelf

Task:

A. Identify one of the movements outlined in the introduction.

Note: If there are structures involved in the movement you have chosen that are not shown in the diagrams provided, add those structures and label them clearly.

1. Label structures from the following parts of the nervous system that are involved in the movement:
a. At least five structures of the afferent division of the peripheral nervous system (i.e., sense organs and afferent nerves)
b. At least two structures of the central nervous system
c. At least seven structures of the efferent division of the peripheral nervous system
2. Label structures from the following parts of the skeletal system that are involved in the movement:
a. At least thirteen bones
b. At least five joints
3. Label at least thirteen muscles from the muscular system that are involved in the movement.

B. Analyze (suggested length of 1–2 pages) the functions and interactions of the structures of the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems involved in the movement you chose in part A.

C. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.

Note: When bulleted points are present in the task prompt, the level of detail or support called for in the rubric refers to those bulleted points.

Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper or project.

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