# worksheet

Prepare a written response to the following questions.

Chapter 1

1. Explain and give an example for each of the following types of variables:

a. Nominal:

b. Ordinal:

c. Interval:

d. Ratio scale:

e. Continuous:

f. Discrete:

g. Quantitative:

h. Qualitative:
2. Following are the speeds of 40 cars clocked by radar on a particular road in a 35-mph zone on a particular afternoon:

30, 36, 42, 36, 30, 52, 36, 34, 36, 33, 30, 32, 35, 32, 37, 34, 36, 31, 35, 20
24, 46, 23, 31, 32, 45, 34, 37, 28, 40, 34, 38, 40, 52, 31, 33, 15, 27, 36, 40

Make a frequency table and a histogram, then describe the general shape of the distribution.

3. Raskauskas and Stoltz (2007) asked a group of 84 adolescents about their involvement in traditional and electronic bullying. The researchers defined electronic bullying as “…a means of bullying in which peers use electronics {such as text messages, emails, and defaming Web sites} to taunt, threaten, harass, and/or intimidate a peer” (p.565). The table below is a frequency table showing the adolescents’ reported incidence of being victims or perpetrators or traditional and electronic bullying.

a. Using this table as an example, explain the idea of a frequency table to a person who has never had a course in statistics.
b. Explain the general meaning of the pattern of results.

Incidence of Traditional and Electronic Bullying and Victimization (N=84)
Forms of Bullying N %
Electronic victims 41 48.8
Text-message victim 27 32.1
Internet victim (websites, chatrooms) 13 15.5
Picture-phone victim 8 9.5
Physical victim 38 45.2
Teasing victim 50 59.5
Rumors victim 32 38.6
Exclusion victim 30 50
Electronic Bullies 18 21.4
Text-message bully 18 21.4
Internet bully 11 13.1