International Relations

What types of challenges do outside actors—whether states, coalitions of states or international institutions—most often face in attempting to

strike a reasonable balance between punitive and reconciliatory measures in the nation/state-building processes that have become the rule rather

than the exception following inter- and intra-state conflicts in the post-Cold War era?
What division of labor among states, international institutions and non-governmental organizations is likely to prove most effective in meeting

such challenges in the future? Explain why.
Remember that these assignments are meant to be primarily analytical in orientation and demand that students support their arguments with

references to the weekly readings and the provision of detailed practical examples.
You are encouraged to provide informed but creative interpretations of the question under consideration.
In the process, it is absolutely essential that an essay address each segment of that question.