the two main differences existing between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

QUESTION 1

Which of the following statements best defines the two main differences existing between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

A. Prokaryotic cells possess a nucleus but lack organelles while eukaryotes lack both a nucleus and organelles.
B. Prokaryotic cells possess a nucleus and organelles while eukaryotes lack both a nucleus and organelles.
C. Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and organelles while eukaryotes possess both a nucleus and organelles.

  

QUESTION 2

Structures common to both plant and animal cells include all of the following except

A. chloroplast
B. mitochondria
C. plasma membrane
D. cytoplasm
E. nucleus

 

QUESTION 3

All of the following are features of all cells except for

A. DNA
B. organelles
C. plasma membrane
D. cytoplasm
E. cell function determines cell size

   

QUESTION 4

Which of the following structures was specific to the animal cell?

A. centrioles
B. cytoplasm
C. nucleus
D. mitochondria
E. ribosomes

QUESTION 5

Which of the following structures was specific to the plant cell?

A. nucleus
B. chloroplast
C. cytoplasm
D. mitochondria
E. ribosomes

QUESTION 6

Centrioles function in

A. ATP production
B. photosynthesis
C. organelle recycling
D. cell division
E. protein synthesis

QUESTION 7

Chloroplasts are the site of __________.

A. genetic material
B. cell division
C. photosynthesis
D. protein synthesis
E. organelle recycling

 

QUESTION 8

The Golgi body is responsible for packaging __________ for the cell.

A. ribosomes
B. carbohydrates
C. lipids
D. proteins
E. nucleic acids

QUESTION 9

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum produces __________ for the cell.

A. DNA
B. carbohydrates
C. nucleic acids
D. proteins
E. lipids

QUESTION 10

The “ruffles” of the inner membrane of the mitochondrion are called __________.

A. thylakoids
B. grana
C. cristae
D. ribosomes
E. centrioles

QUESTION 11

The stacks of disk-like structures within chloroplasts are called __________.

A. centrioles
B. grana
C. thylakoids
D. stroma
E. lipids

 

QUESTION 12

Centrioles are only found in ____________ cells.

A. bacterial
B. plant
C. animal
D. plant and bacterial
E. plant and animal

QUESTION 13

Lysosomes consist of a single membrane surrounding powerful __________ enzymes.

A. absorptive
B. pigmented
C. refractive
D. photosynthetic
E. digestive

QUESTION 14

The nucleus is called the __________ of the cell.

A. photosynthesizer
B. powerhouse
C. organelle recycler
D. headquarters
E. condenser

QUESTION 15

The large solid spot within the nucleus is the __________.

A. centriole
B. Golgi body
C. endoplasmic reticulum
D. nucleolus
E. chloroplast

QUESTION 16

The energy harvested via the light reaction is stored by forming a chemical called ___________________, a compound used by cells for energy storage.

A. STP
B. G3P
C. ATP
D. RNA
E. DNA

QUESTION 17

The ___________________takes place in the stroma within the chloroplast.

A. RNA synthesis
B. dark reaction
C. chlorophyll production
D. ATP synthesis
E. light reaction

QUESTION 18

The dark reactions do not directly need light to occur; however, they do need the following products of the light reactions to proceed.

A. H2O and CO2
B. ATP and chlorophyll
C. NADPH and H2O
D. ATP and NADPH
E. ATP and CO2

QUESTION 19

The dark reaction involves a cycle called the ________________________________in which CO2 and energy from ATP are used to form sugar.

A. Uni Cycle
B. Chlorophyll Cycle
C. Calvin Cycle
D. Motor Cycle
E. Cell Cycle

QUESTION 20

Stomates are for air exchange letting CO2 in and __________ out of leaves.

A. H2O
B. carotenoids
C. O2
D. chlorophyll
E. ATP

QUESTION 21

Chlorophyll looks ___________________ because it absorbs red and blue light, making these colors unavailable to be seen by our eyes.

A. red
B. orange
C. green
D. blue
E. yellow

QUESTION 22

The stomates are holes which occur primarily in the lower epidermis and are for ___________________.

A. air exchange
B. ATP production
C. chlorophyll recovery
D. cell division
E. capture of sunlight

QUESTION 23

Plants lessen the amount of water that evaporates by keeping their stomates ___________________ during hot, dry weather.

A. dehydrated
B. open
C. exercised
D. closed
E. hydrated

QUESTION 24

The ___________________________happens in the thylakoid membrane and converts light energy to chemical energy.

A. light reaction
B. carbon dioxide production
C. dark reaction
D. chlorophyll production
E. air exchange

QUESTION 25

The dark reaction converts ___________________ to sugar.

 

A. CO2
B. chlorophyll
C. ATP
D. G3P
E. Ribose

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