Functional Anatomy

Functional Anatomy
Student Name___________________________ Section________________________
Review for Week 1 Readings
Fill in the Diagram

What is the difference between a displaced and non-displaced fracture?

Define as related to fracture healing:
Non-Union:
Mal-Union:
Delayed Union:

What is Open Reduction vs Closed Reduction treatment of a fracture?
Explain Wolff’s Law:

Defineand provide 2 examples for the following articulations:
1. Fibrous Articulation-

Example 1. _________________________________ Example 2. ____________________________
2. Cartilaginous Articulation-

Example 1.__________________________________ Example 2. _________________________________

3. Synovial Articulation –

Example 1. ___________________________________ Example 2_______________________________

Provide an example for the following “Subtypes” of a Synovial Joint (Clarkson pg. 5 can help)
A. Condyloid (bicondylar)-
B. Pivot/ Rotational –
C. Saddle (sellar)-
D. Hinge (ginglymus)-
E. Gliding (plane)-
F. Ball and Socket (spheroidal)-

Define Active vs Passive Insufficiency. Provide examples and use the above image as a reference:

Define Arthrokinematics:
In your words explain 2 Arthrokinematic Motions:
1.
2.
What is the concave-convex rule? Provide an example in the body.

Define what the therapist experiences when assessing an End Feel-

Fill in the table based on Normal End Feels
End Feel Description
Hard
Firm
Soft

Abnormal End Feels:
End Feel Description/Example
Empty
Boggy
Spasm
Unexpected Hard, Soft or Firm Example: A hard end feel noted with elbow flexion after ORIF may indicate hardware in the joint space.

Define the following muscle contractions:
Isometric contraction:
Concentric contraction:
Eccentric contraction:

How can Joint Position affect muscle strength?

Define the following terms:
Agonists

Antagonists

Synergists

Stabilizers or Fixators

Describe an Open Chain Exercise:

Describe a Closed Chain Exercise:

In your words describe the Length-Tension Relationship of muscle tissue:

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