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## Variation and Statistical Thinking Strategy

1. Compare and contrast the fundamental differences between special-cause variation and common-cause variation. Provide one (1) business process example of each variation to support your response.

2. Select one (1) project from the working or educational environment of your choice and specify the variation nature of the project in question.

## ch 14 lesson 1-11

need a one week long math lesson plan using the five e’s format from prince george’s county maryland public schools. I will upload chapter two of the my math series. need to combine lesson 14-1, 14-2, 14-3, 14-4, 14-5, 14-6, 14-7,14-8, 14-9,14-10,14-11 . for grade 4 please make sure you use the 5 e format make sure there are 5 phase one – engagement make sure there are 5 phase five – evaluate Think of each activity in each E of the plan and how much time you give for each. Not necessarily 5 for exploration bc it could take 3 or 4 to days to complete, exploration can be centers, a project, big problems or a scavenger hunt in which students will take longer to do (2 days). The teacher during elaboration brings the knowledge back from students to the teacher so the teacher can connect and correct any knowledge or misunderstanding, teach rules, procedures etc. Also, keep in mind that students must read, speak and write during the math block. Time for that is needed as well. If you include 2 or 3 ‘meaty’ activities within the lesson plus warm ups and homework, you’ll b fine! Your lesson plan can last at least 4 – 5 days. Hope this helps please make sure you use the 5 e format make sure there are 5 phase one – engagement make sure there are 5 phase five – evaluate Think of each activity in each E of the plan and how much time you give for each. Not necessarily 5 for exploration bc it could take 3 or 4 to days to complete, exploration can be centers, a project, big problems or a scavenger hunt in which students will take longer to do (2 days). The teacher during elaboration brings the knowledge back from students to the teacher so the teacher can connect and correct any knowledge or misunderstanding, teach rules, procedures etc. Also, keep in mind that students must read, speak and write during the math block. Time for that is needed as well. If you include 2 or 3 ‘meaty’ activities within the lesson plus warm ups and homework, you’ll b fine! Your lesson plan can last at least 4 – 5 days. Hope this helps, also include fluency activities-(basic facts), vocabulary development (interactive notebook activity and on Friday you can do review activities and then a big quiz. follow chapter 10 as an example make sure there are four group rotation. Also new I need questions for higher order thinking. Using the DOK levels. I need questions that are level three and four.

## Questions

A random sample of 100 students attending a concert spent an average of \$142 on their tickets with a standard deviation of \$47.50.

Calculate the 90%, 95%, and 99% confidence intervals for the mean amount of money spent by all students attending the concert. Interpret your response within the context of the situation. Refer to Chapter 17, pp. 427-430 on calculating confidence intervals. Click here for Table A.2 from the appendix.

Keri is the owner of a new restaurant in the downtown area of her hometown. To continuously improve service, she would like to know if completed dishes are being delivered to the customer�s table within one minute of being completed by the chef. A random sample of 75 completed dishes showed that 60 were delivered within one minute of completion.

Calculate the 90%, 95%, and 99% confidence interval for the true population proportion. Interpret your response within the context of the situation. Refer to Chapter 17, pp. 427-430 on calculating confidence intervals. Click here for Table A.2 from the appendix.

Course Textbook

## Measurements (Includes Dependent, Independent, and Control Variables

Measurements (Includes Dependent, Independent, and Control Variables
Measurements (Includes Dependent, Independent, and Control Variables

need Dependent, Independent, and Control Variables based on my paper.

## assignment

You are being asked to create graphs and perform calculations. Make sure that you label all
graphs properly. Both the X and Y axis should be labelled. There should be a legend showing
each series on the graph. In short, someone who hasn’t read the questions should be able to
understand what is shown in your graphs. Be sure to show your work for the calculations.
You should write down the general formula and the specific numbers that you are using to
Format: The first page must give the project title, your name, your student number, and
a word count. The project essay should be no more than 2,000 words long. Any words
beyond 2,000 will not be read; only the first 2,000 words will be assessed. The words on the
title page and in the bibliography do not count towards the word limits. You must reference
all sources (including the assigned articles) and you must include a separate bibliography.
You are being asked to create graphs and perform calculations. Make sure that you label all
graphs properly. Both the X and Y axis should be labelled. There should be a legend showing
each series on the graph. In short, someone who hasn’t read the questions should be able to
understand what is shown in your graphs. Be sure to show your work for the calculations.
You should write down the general formula and the specific numbers that you are using to
project/home.htm (also available through the course Moodle page)
Click on Maddison Project Database. Save the Excel file (open the file in Excel and use <file,
save as>).
Students should submit either  I. (Latin America) or II. (Asia). Do not submit both!
I. Reading (particularly for question 6): Kenneth L. Sokoloff and Stanley L. Engerman,
“History Lessons Institutions, Factor Endowments, and Paths of Development in the New
World”, Journal of Economic Perspectives—Volume 14, Number 3—Summer 2000 —Pages
217‐232.  (Available through JStor

1. Use Excel to graphically show GDP per capita for the largest 8 Latin American nations
(Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela). [Show all 8
on one figure, do not use the 8 L. America total.] Create separate figures for 1920,
1950, 1980, and 2010. (Hint: use <insert, charts> in Excel).
2. Calculate the growth rate for Argentina and Peru between 1920 and 2010. What is
the average annual growth?
3. Have the Latin American countries that were richer in 1920 grown faster or slower
than those which were poorer?
4. Create a table showing GDP per capita for the 12 Western European economies and
8 Latin American economies in 1920, 1930, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990,
2000, and 2010 (use columns N and BQ, do not have 20 columns).
5. Compare the growth rates of Latin America to those of Western Europe.
6. What explanations have scholars offered for lower growth rates in Latin America
than in Western Europe?
II. Reading (particularly for question 6): Joseph E. Stiglitz, “Some Lessons from the East Asian
Miracle”,)
1.   Use Excel to graphically show GDP per capita for the following Asian nations:
China, Japan, Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, South Korea, Thailand. Create
separate figures for 1950, 1970, 1980, 2000, and 2010. (Hint: use <insert, charts> in
Excel).
2.   Calculate the growth rate for India and China between 1950 and 2010. What
is the average annual growth?
3. Have the Asian countries that were richer in 1950 grown faster or slower
than those which were poorer?
4.   Create a table showing GDP per capita for the 12 Western European
economies and 16 Asian economies in 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010
(use columns N and CZ, do not have 28 columns).
5. Compare the growth rates of Asia to those of Western Europe.
6. What explanations have scholars offered for higher growth rates in Asia than
in Western Europe?
Submission: Please submit a word or pdf document via moodle (button labelled “Submit
Project 2 here”).

## Decision Support A

This subject is related to Operations Management and require some formulations,which is the most important part of the assignment
.
it require using some software like Excel, and appendix.
Also, some graphs and table
1. The assignment problem
formulation
2. The assignment problem
solution using the Hungarian
method
2
Assignment Problem
➢An IP problem;
➢A special form of transportation
problem in which all supply and
demand values equal one;
➢One to one allocation must be made;
➢ The signs of the constraints are =
rather than < or >;
➢ Solution will be 0-1 integer.
3

Min ΣΣcijxij
i j
s.t.

Σxij ≤ 1 for each agent i
j
Σxij = 1 for each task j
i
xij = 0 or 1 for all i and j
Assignment Problem: LP Formulation
4
A plant has three operators to be
assigned to three machines. The operation
time (seconds) for a product unit produced
by each operator over each machine is
given below. How should the plant assign
machines to operators in order to minimise
the total operating time?
Machines
Operators A B C
OP1 50 36 16
OP2 28 30 18
OP3 35 32 20
Example (1) : Machine-Operator Assignment
5
Example (1): Machine-Operator Assignment
Network Representation
50
36
16
28
30
18
35 32
20
OP1
M3
M2
M1
OP3
OP2
Subcontractors
6
Min
50×11+36×12+16×13+28×21+30×22+18×23+35×31+32×32+2
0x33
s.t. x11+x12+x13 < 1
x21+x22+x23 < 1
x31+x32+x33 < 1
x11+x21+x31 = 1
x12+x22+x32 = 1
x13+x23+x33 = 1
xij = 0 or 1 for all i and j
Operators
Machines
Example (1) : Machine-Operator Assignment
LP Formulation
7
Hungarian Solution Method
1) Perform row reduction by subtracting the
minimum value from all entries in the same row;
2) Perform column reduction by subtracting the
minimum value from all entries in the same
column;
3) Cross out all zeros with a minimum number of
horizontal/vertical lines;
4) If the number of lines is equal to the number
of rows/columns this is the optimal solution ,
otherwise subtract the minimum value from
uncrossed values from all uncrossed values and
add this value to the intersection values;
5) Go to step 3
8
Example (1): Machine-Operator Assignment
Matrix Representation for Hungarian Solution
Machine
Operator M1 M2 M3
OP1 50 36 16 1
OP2 28 30 18 1
OP3 35 32 20 1
1 1 1
9
Example (1): Machine-Operator Assignment
Hungarian Solution

34 20 0
10 12 0
15 12 0
24 8 0
0 0 0
5 0 0
Optimal Solution
X13=1
X21=1
X32=1
Other ‘Xij’ s =0
Z= 76
10
• There are 4 machines and 3 jobs to be allocated.
The
• operating time for each job by each machine is given
• in the table below. Allocate jobs to machines while
• minimising the total time.
Example (2): Machine-Operator Assignment
Job 4
Machine
Job M1 M2 M3 M4
Job 1 1 4 6 3
Job 2 9 7 10 9
Job 3 4 5 11 7
Job 4 8 7 8 5
11
Example (2): Hungarian Solution Steps
12
Example (2): Hungarian Solution
13
Example (3): Project-Team Assignment
• A computer installation company has
three projects to complete and three work
teams available and capable of completing the
projects. Although each team includes two
technicians, they are not equally efficient at
completing a particular project.
• The next slide shows the estimated
labor-hours required for each team to
complete each project. How should the work
teams be assigned in order to minimize total
labor-hours?
14
Project
Work Team A B C
1. Tony, David 28 30 18 1
2. Mary, Sam 35 32 20 1
3. Simon,Tina 25 25 14 1
1 1 1
Example (3): Project-Team Labor Hours
15
Project
Work Team A B C
1. Tony, David 28 30 18 1
2. Mary, Sam 35 32 20 1
3. Simon,Tina 25 25 14 1
1 1 1
Example (3): Project-Team Labor Hours
16
Example (3): Project-Team Labor Hours
10 12 0
15 12 0
11 11 0

0 1 0
5 1 0
1 0 0
17
Example (3): Project-Team Solution
The Optimal solution can be
obtained as follows:
Team 1 to Project A,
Team 2 to Project C,
Team 3 to Project B,
Total labour hours: 73 hrs
18
References
• Textbook : Chapter 6, The
Assignment Model
• CD ROM: Module

## The Impact of Numbers on Contingent Valuation

I want to have a reaction paper were the opinions are strongly supported by evidence. The reaction paper should be based on whether you agree,disagree, or an open ended opinion on a statement in the paper.
The paper should start with two to three sentences introduction on the topic addressed. Then an opinion on whether a statement in the paper is agreed/ disagreed on.
Finally, a conclusion should end the paper.

## Probability Distributions: Discrete and Normal

WRITE A PARAGRAPH FOR EACH TOPIC

Topic 1. Give examples of discrete variables and continuous variables. Can you think of any that would fit in both categories?
Topic 2. How do distributions provide a link between probabilities and statistical tests?

## Case Mix Index Assignment

Case Mix Index Assignment

1. Listen/watch the lecture on CMI calculation.
2. Locate the spreadsheet file “CMI Excel Worksheet”. Using the Excel formulas, calculate the CMI for this group of patients

4. From Table 5, locate each of the MS-DRGs and their corresponding relative weight. Using the file “CMI Excel Worksheet Update the Relative Weight” from the course, update the relative weight for each of the MS-DRGs for Fiscal Year 2016 in your spreadsheet.
5. Calculate the CMI for this new group of patients with the updated FY 2016 relative weights.
6. Analyze the difference in the CMI, and explain what the difference means to this healthcare organization. What is the financial impact to them?
7. Submit both Excel files and your discussion to your instructor for this assignment.

## BTM week 6

1. Calculate the sample size needed given these factors:
• one-tailed t-test with two independent groups of equal size
• small effect size (see Piasta, S.B., & Justice, L.M., 2010)
• alpha =.05
• beta = .2
• Assume that the result is a sample size beyond what you can obtain. Use the compromise function to compute alpha and beta for a sample half the size. Indicate the resulting alpha and beta. Present an argument that your study is worth doing with the smaller sample.
2. Calculate the sample size needed given these factors:
• ANOVA (fixed effects, omnibus, one-way)
• small effect size
• alpha =.05
• beta = .2
• 3 groups
• Assume that the result is a sample size beyond what you can obtain. Use the compromise function to compute alpha and beta for a sample approximately half the size. Give your rationale for your selected beta/alpha ratio. Indicate the resulting alpha and beta. Give an argument that your study is worth doing with the smaller sample.
3. In a few sentences, describe two designs that can address your research question. The designs must involve two different statistical analyses. For each design, specify and justify each of the four factors and calculate the estimated sample size you’ll need. Give reasons for any parameters you need to specify for G*Power.

Include peer-reviewed journal articles as needed to support your responses to Part 1 above.

Support your paper with a minimum of 5 resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.
Length: 5-7 pages not including title and reference pages
References: Minimum of 5 scholarly resources.